Objectives The overall prevalence of erectile dysfunction (ED) is high in men of aged >40 years and increases greatly in the elderly. In particular, severity and prevalence both increase with ageing. ED is recognised as an indicator of higher risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and can be a critical warning sign for existing or impending CVD. This study is designed to evaluate the erectile function score in southern China patients with CVD. To assess the erectile function score in the patients with cardiovascular disease.
Methods A total of 128 male patients (age 40 to 70 years old) with CVD in southern China were recruited and randomly compared with 120 normal weight men as a control group. ED and CVD risk was respectively evaluated using International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF)-5 cores and lifestyle questionnaires.
Results IIEF-5 scores in the patients with CVD group were found significantly lower than the control group (14.5 ± 3.3 vs 20.3 ± 2.9, P < 0.001). Of those patients with CVD in coronary heart disease, hypertension, and dyslipidemia, IIEF-5 scores were reported by 11.8 ± 3.5, 14.6 ± 2.9, and 18.7 ± 4.2, respectively. There were statistically significant differences in IIEF-5 scores between coronary heart disease, hypertension, and dyslipidemia groups (P < 0.01).
Conclusions Men with CVD have more prevalence of ED, especially for coronary heart disease. These findings suggest that they have some common risk factors for both pathogenetic conditions which link between CVD and ED.