Objectives Cardiovascular disease has become the leading cause of death in China. This study describes the prevalence and patterns of acute cardiovascular events in Chinese adults and its major risk factors.
Methods The data from the 2010 China Chronic Disease Risk Factor Surveillance of Chinese adults aged 18 years and over was used to analysis the prevalence of self-reported physician diagnosed acute cardiovascular events and major risk factors.
The chi-squared tests were used to test the prevalence differences of acute cardiovascular events by characteristics. The multivariate logistic regression model was used to estimate the association between weighted prevalence of acute cardiovascular events and major risk factors.
Results The overall weighted prevalence of self-report acute cardiovascular events was 0.90% (95%CI: 0.79-1.02). The overweight and obesity, physical inactivity and hypertension were associated with a significant higher prevalence of acute cardiovascular events (OR 1.316, 95%CI 1.082-1.601, OR 1.233, 95%CI 1.032-1.472, OR3.088, 95%CI 2.512-3.797). The most common acute cardiovascular events risk factor of the population was insufficient intake of fruit and vegetable (52.8%). Among individuals with two risk factors, the most prevalent clustering pattern was overweight and obesity and insufficient fruit and vegetable intake (5.73%, 95%CI: 5.23%-6.23%).
Conclusions The current study indicated that interventions to prevent acute cardiovascular events should pay more attention to weight control and fruit and vegetable intake.