Objectives The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of Ba Duan Jin, a kind of traditional Chinese heath-care Qigong, for reducing blood pressure in hypertensive type II diabetic patients.
Methods One hundred eighteen hypertensive type II diabetic outpatients were screened, and 78 eligible participants voluntarily enrolled in the study. Age- and sex- matched participants (aged 45-64 years) were randomly assigned to four groups. Group 1 (n = 20)received Ba Duan Jin intervention, Group 2 (n = 20), Group 3 (n = 19)received conventional walking or resistance training as the active comparators, and Group 4 (n = 19)served as control group. All participants were taking oral diabetes medication, and were asked to maintain their conventional diabetes care, including medication, diet, and exercise, during the study. Under the direction of certified instructor, participants of Group1 and Group2 performed Ba Duan Jin or resistance training for 30 minutes (30 minutes after lunch), 3 times a week for12 weeks. Meanwhile, participants of Group3 and Group4 walked or rested for 30min with the same music rhythm. Physical and hematologic measures were assessed before and after 12-week intervention.
Results There were significant improvements in Group1 and Group2 of metabolic syndrome, including weight, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, Apolipoprotein A1 and total cholesterol, as well as blood pressures. The improvements of Group1 were significantly higher than Group2, systolic pressure (-14.4 + /-2.3 mm Hg, -10.4 + /-2.5 mm Hg, respectively, P < 0.0001) and diastolic pressure (-10.6 + /-1.9 mm Hg, -7.4 + /-1.6 mm Hg, respectively, P < 0.01). While there were not significant improvements in Group3 (P > 0.05) and Group4 (P > 0.05).
Conclusions 12-week intervention of Ba Duan Jin resulted in significant improvement in blood lipids and bloodpressure. These results suggest that BaDuan Jin may be an effective complementary therapy for hypertensive adults with type II diabetes.