Objectives Aliskiren is a novel renin-angiotensinaldosterone system (RAAS) inhibitor, the combination therapy of aliskiren andamlodipine for blood pressure control have been reported recently. The primary objective of this analysis is to review recently reported randomised controlled trials (RCTs) to compare antihypertensive effects and adverse events between mono (amlodipine or aliskiren alone) and combination therapy of both medicines.
Methods Databases for the search included Pubmed, Embase and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. Revman v5.0 statistical program was used to analyse the data. Weighted mean differences (WMD) with a 95% confidence interval (CI) were used for the calculation of continuous data, and relative risk (RR) with a 95% CI was used fordichotomous data.
Results We analysed the data from 7 RCTs fora total of 6074 participants in this meta-analysis. We found that the aliskiren/amlodipine combination therapy had a stronger effect in lowering blood pressure as compared with the mono therapy using aliskiren (SBP: WMD =-10.42, 95%CI-13.03∼-7.82, P < 0.00001; DBP: WMD =-6.60, 95%CI-7.22∼-5.97, P < 0.00001) or amlodipine (SBP: WMD =-4.85, 95%CI-6.88∼-2.81, P < 0.00001; DBP: WMD =-2.91, 95%CI-3.85∼-1.97, P < 0.00001). No differences were found in terms of adverse events between combination therapy and mono therapy, except for the rates of peripheral edema and hypokalaemia which were significantly lower in the combination therapy than in the amlodipine mono therapy (RR = 0.78, 0.66∼0.92, P = 0.004; RR = 0.51, 0.27∼0.97, P = 0.04). Similar antihypertensive effects were found in both obese (body mass index > = 30 kg/m2) hypertensive and non-obese (body mass index <30 kg/m2) hypertensive patients. Moreover, there was no difference with the blood pressure lowering or adverse effects with regards to the combination therapy in both subgroups.
Conclusions We found that aliskiren/amlodipine combination therapy provided a more effective bloodpressure reduction than mono therapy with either drug without significant increase in the occurrence of adverse events.