Objective Beta-blocker therapy may worsen glucose metabolism. We studied the development of new onset diabetes in a large cohort of heart failure patients treated with either metoprolol or carvedilol.
Design Prospective and retrospective analysis of a controlled clinical trial.
Setting Multinational multicenter study
Patients 3029 patients with chronic heart failure.
Interventions Randomly assigned treatment with carvedilol (n=1511, target dose 50 mg daily) or metoprolol tartrate (n=1518, target dose 100 mg daily).
Results Diabetic events (diabetic coma, peripheral gangrene, diabetic foot, de-creased glucose tolerance or hyperglycemia) and new onset diabetes (clinical di-agnosis, repeated high random glucose level or glucose lowering medication) were assessed in 2298 patients without diabetes at baseline. Diabetic events oc-curred in 122/1151 (10.6%) patients in the carvedilol group and 149/1147 (13.0%) patients in the metoprolol group (hazard ratio (HR) 0.78; 95% confi-dence interval (CI) 0.61-0.99, p=0.039). New onset diabetes was diagnosed in 119/1151 (10.4%) versus 145/1147 (12.6%) cases in the carvedilol and metoprolol treatment groups (HR 0.78, CI 0.61-0.998, p=0.048). Patients with diabetes at baseline had an increased mortality, compared to non-diabetics (45.3% versus, 33.9%; HR 1.45, CI 1.28-1.65). Both diabetics and non-diabetics at baseline had a similar reduction in mortality with carvedilol compared to metoprolol (RR 0.85; CI 0.69-1.06 and RR 0.82; CI, 0.71-0.94, respectively).
Conclusion This study demonstrates both a high prevalence and incidence of diabetes in patients with heart failure over a course of 5 years. New onset diabe-tes was more likely to occur during treatment with metoprolol than during treat-ment with carvedilol.
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