Background The importance of moderate patient-prosthesis mismatch (PPM) for the prognosis of patients who undergo aortic valve replacement is unclear.
Methods The presence of PPM was assessed in 361 consecutive patients undergoing valve replacement for isolated severe aortic stenosis and related to perioperative and postoperative mortality. Indexed effective orifice areas (EOAi) were estimated for each type and size of prosthesis.
Results Using the previously proposed cut-off of EOAi ≤ 0.8 cm2/m2, PPM was present in 54% of patients. Patients were followed for 4.1±2.0 years. Survival tended to be slightly, but insignificantly worse in the group with PPM (1-, 3- and 5-year survival 89%, 86% and 76% vs. 92%, 88% and 82%; p=0.21). However, patients with PPM were also older (p<0.0001), more often female (p<0.0001), more symptomatic (p =0.001), more often suffered from coronary artery disease (p =0.04), triple vessel disease (p =0.03) and hypertension (p =0.01) and presented with a higher euroSCORE (p<0.0001). By multivariate analysis only euroSCORE and diabetes but not PPM were independent predictors of survival.
Conclusions Moderate PPM is a frequent finding after aortic valve replacement. In our patient population it had no impact on short- and long-term survival. It may therefore not be justified to recommend complex surgical interventions to avoid moderate PPM in patients undergoing aortic valve replacement for isolated severe aortic stenosis.
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