Studies have permitted the identification of major risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Some are non-modifiable but many reflect lifestyle habits such as a deleterious diet and lack of physical activity/exercise which lead to overweight and obesity 1 2. Obesity has reached epidemic proportions in the United States as well as much of the industrialized world, and is increasing in the developing world 3-6. In the most widely-used classification of body mass, body weight is expressed in terms of body mass index (BMI) 3. In adults, obesity is defined as a BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2 which is further subdivided into grades (Table 1). Obesity has also been defined in children 4.
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