Objective: To investigate whether simple and non-invasive measurement of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and/or C-reactive protein (CRP) can predict perioperative major cardiovascular event (PMCE).
Design: Prospective, single center, cohort study.
Setting: A 1900-bed tertiary-care university hospital in Seoul, Korea
Design and patients: The predictive power of NT-proBNP, CRP, and Revised Cardiac Risk Index (RCRI) for the risk of PMCE (myocardial infarction, pulmonary edema, or cardiovascular death) were evaluated from a prospective cohort of 2054 elective major noncardiac surgery patients. Optimal cut-off values were derived from receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) analysis.
Main outcome measurement: PMCE (myocardial infarction, pulmonary edema, or cardiovascular death) within postoperative 30 days.
Results: PMCE developed in a total of 290 patients (14.1%). Each increasing quartile of NT-proBNP or CRP level was associated with a greater risk of PMCE after adjustment for traditional clinical risk factors. The relative risk (RR) of highest versus lowest quartile was 5.2 for NT-proBNP (p<0.001) and 3.7 for CRP (p<0.001). Both NT-proBNP (cut-off = 301 ng/L) and CRP (cut-off = 3.4 mg/L) predicted PMCE better than RCRI (cut-off = 2) by ROC analysis (p<0.001). Moreover, the predictive power of RCRI (adjusted RR = 1.5) could be improved significantly by addition of CRP and NT-proBNP to RCRI (adjusted RR = 4.6) (p<0.001).
Conclusions: High preoperative NT-proBNP or CRP is a strong and independent predictor of perioperative major cardiovascular event in non-cardiac surgery. The predictive power of current clinical risk evaluation system would be strengthened by these biomarkers.
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