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Prevalence, indications and appropriateness of antiplatelet therapy in patients operated for acute aortic dissection: associations with bleeding complications and mortality
  1. Emma C Hansson1,
  2. Mikael Dellborg2,3,
  3. Vincenzo Lepore1,
  4. Anders Jeppsson1,3
  1. 1Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden
  2. 2Department of Cardiology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden
  3. 3Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden
  1. Correspondence to Dr Anders Jeppsson, Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg SE-413 45, Sweden; anders.jeppsson{at}vgregion.se

Abstract

Objective To assess the prevalence, indications and appropriateness of antiplatelet therapy in patients operated for acute aortic dissection and its associations with bleeding complications and mortality.

Design A retrospective single-centre study comparing patients with and without ongoing antiplatelet therapy.

Setting University Hospital in Western Sweden.

Patients 133 consecutive patients operated during 2007–2011.

Interventions All patients were operated for acute aortic dissection type A.

Main outcome measures Indication and appropriateness of antiplatelet therapy; perioperative bleeding complications, transfusions and mortality.

Results 43 of 133 patients (32%) had ongoing platelet inhibition at the time of surgery, 19 (14%) with acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) alone and 24 (18%) with ASA and clopidogrel. Unspecific chest pain and ST depression were the most common indications (42% and 23%, respectively). 2.3% had ST elevation and 12% had elevated biomarkers for myocardial injury. Only 29% of the patients with dual antiplatelet therapy had appropriate treatment according to current guidelines. Patients with ongoing platelet inhibition had significantly larger intraoperative (1800 (IQR 950–4250) vs 800 ml (500–2500), p=0.010) and postoperative bleeding volumes (800 (420–1605) vs 500 ml (390–1070), p=0.037). 30-day mortality in patients on dual antiplatelet therapy was 30.4% compared with 13.0% in patients with no or single antiplatelet therapy (p=0.038).

Conclusions The indication for immediate antiplatelet therapy in patients later operated for acute aortic dissection was weak or absent in the majority of cases. Patients with ongoing platelet inhibition had more bleeding complications. Dual antiplatelet therapy was associated with increased early mortality.

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