Drug-eluting balloon angioplasty for in-stent restenosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials
- Andreas Indermuehle1,
- Rahul Bahl1,
- Alexandra J Lansky2,
- Georg M Froehlich1,
- Guido Knapp3,
- Adam Timmis4,
- Pascal Meier1,2
- 1Department of Cardiology, University College London Hospital, London, UK
- 2Department of Cardiology, Yale Medical School, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
- 3Department of Statistics, Technical University Dortmund, Dortmund, Germany
- 4Department of Cardiology, The Chest Hospital, London, UK
- Correspondence to Dr Pascal Meier, University College London UCL, London W1G 8PH, UK;
- Received 21 August 2012
- Revised 14 November 2012
- Accepted 2 December 2012
- Published Online First 18 January 2013
Context The optimal treatment option for in-stent restenosis is currently unclear.
Objective Systematic review and meta-analysis of the effect of drug-eluting balloons (DEB) to treat in-stent restenosis.
Data sources Trials were identified through a literature search from 2005 through 7 November 2012.
Study selection Randomised clinical trials comparing DEB with a control treatment (plain balloon angioplasty or drug-eluting stents).
Data extraction and synthesis Main endpoints of interest were major adverse cardiac events (MACE), target lesion revascularisation (TLR), binary in-segment restenosis, stent thrombosis (ST), myocardial infarction (MI) and mortality. A random-effects model was used to calculate the pooled relative risks (RR) with 95% CIs.
Results Five studies and a total of 801 patients were included in this analysis. Follow-up duration ranged from 12 to 60months. Most endpoints were significantly reduced for DEB compared with the control groups. For MACE, the relative risk RR was 0.46 (0.31 to 0.70), p<0.001, for TLR it was 0.34 (0.16 to 0.73); p=0.006, for angiographic in-segment restenosis it was 0.28 (0.14 to 0.58); p<0.001. There was a lower mortality for DEB (RR 0.48 (0.24 to 0.95); p=0.034). The incidence of MI was numerically lower, but the differences were not statistically significant (RR 0.68 (0.32 to 1.48); p=0.337). There was no difference in the risk of ST (RR 1.12 (0.23 to 5.50), p=0.891).
Conclusions In-stent restenosis is the bane of coronary angioplasty, and drug-eluting balloon angioplasty is a promising treatment option in this situation. It reduces the risk for MACE compared with plain balloon angioplasty or implantation of a Taxus Liberte drug-eluting stent.