Given increased awareness and improved non-invasive diagnostic tools, cardiac amyloidosis has become an increasingly recognised aetiology of increased ventricular wall thickness and heart failure with preserved ejection fraction. Once considered a rare disease with no treatment options, translational research has harnessed novel pathways and led the way to promising treatment options. Gene variants that contribute to amyloid heart disease provide unique opportunities to explore potential disease-modifying therapeutic strategies. Amyloidosis has become the model disease through which gene therapy using small interfering RNAs and antisense oligonucleotides has evolved.
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Contributors BWS and WHWT drafted and edited the manuscript together.
Funding WHWT is supported by grants from the National institutes of Health (R01HL103931) and Collins Family Fund.
Provenance and peer review Commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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