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Original research article
Social isolation and loneliness as risk factors for myocardial infarction, stroke and mortality: UK Biobank cohort study of 479 054 men and women

Authors

  • Christian Hakulinen Department of Psychology and Logopedics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Laura Pulkki-Råback Department of Psychology and Logopedics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Marianna Virtanen Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, University of Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Markus Jokela Department of Psychology and Logopedics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Mika Kivimäki Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK Clinicum, Faculty of Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Marko Elovainio Department of Psychology and Logopedics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  1. Correspondence to Dr Christian Hakulinen, Department of Psychology and Logopedics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland; christian.hakulinen{at}helsinki.fi
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Citation

Hakulinen C, Pulkki-Råback L, Virtanen M, et al
Social isolation and loneliness as risk factors for myocardial infarction, stroke and mortality: UK Biobank cohort study of 479 054 men and women

Publication history

  • Received November 1, 2017
  • Revised February 20, 2018
  • Accepted February 25, 2018
  • First published March 27, 2018.

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