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A simple solution to a difficult problem: mitral pannus removal using a minimal access approach

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  • Contributors JZ and PS: conception of the draft and final approval of the version to be published. DR: design and drafting the article.

  • Competing interests None.

  • Patient consent Obtained.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • ▸  Additional material is published online only. To view please visit the journal online (

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