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Basic science
Left ventricular twist dynamics: principles and applications

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  • Contributors BAP initiated and designed this article, critically revised the draft paper, and is the guarantor of the final version of the manuscript. CCB performed the literature search and drafted the initial version of the manuscript. AC, MR and CG were involved in the conception of the review and undertook critical revisions of the manuscript. All the authors read and approved the final manuscript.

  • Funding This work was partially supported by Romanian National Research Programme II grants: CNCSIS –UEFISCSU, project number PNII—IDEI 2007 code ID_222 (contract 199/2007), and CNCSIS –UEFISCSU, project number PNII—IDEI 2008 code ID_447 (contract 1208/2009).

  • Competing interests In compliance with EBAC/EACCME guidelines, all authors participating in Education in Heart have disclosed potential conflicts of interest that might cause a bias in the article. BAP has received research support and lecture honoraria from General Electric Healthcare. The other authors report no conflicts.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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