Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Complications of cardiac catheterisation in children
  1. Thomas Krasemann
  1. Correspondence to Dr Thomas Krasemann, Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Evelina London Children's Hospital, St Thomas Hospital, Westminster Bridge Road, London SE1 7EH, UK; thomas.krasemann{at}

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.

Cardiac catheterisations in paediatric patients are not without risk. This is independent from the type of catheterisation undertaken: diagnostic, interventional or electrophysiological studies all carry risks.1 Over decades, the risk decreased only marginally.2 Interventional cardiac catheterisations seem to have a higher complication rate than diagnostic procedures.2 ,3

Possible complications range from most severe (death, cerebral infarction, cardiac injury) to minor events like transient rhythm disturbances requiring no treatment.1 Age and patient size seem to be an independent risk factor for almost all types of complications, with the youngest patients being at the highest risk.1–3

The most frequently observed adverse events are vascular, namely arterial thrombosis, which accounts for almost one-third of all observed complications.1 Again, younger age …

View Full Text


  • Competing interests None.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; internally peer reviewed.

Linked Articles