Background Extracellular volume (ECV) calculated from T1 maps can quantitatively characterise myocardial tissue, including the severity of tissue damage in myocardial infarction (MI). A direct comparison of signal intensity of LGE and ECV in MI has not been carried out. We aimed to compare these two parameters in patients presenting with acute-MI.
Methods 29 patients underwent CMR examination at 3T (Intera CV, Philips Healthcare, Best, The Netherlands) within 3 days following reperfused ST-elevation acute MI. Cine, pre and 15 min post-contrast MOLLI (3(3s)3(3s)5) for ECV-mapping and LGE imaging (0.1 mmol/kg gadolinium DTPA) were performed. The slice with the largest area of LGE was chosen for further analysis. LGE in the infarct-zone was analysed with a semi-automated histogram-based thresholding method. Signal intensity was then recorded for a region of interest (ROI) in the infarct zone (excluding any microvascular obstruction; MVO) (Figure 1). ECV-mapping was carried out in the same slice as the infarct zone. ECV was also analysed for the remote myocardium. We computed relative ECV for the infarct zone using the formula = iECV-rECV)/rECV; where iECV is infarct-ECV and rECV is remote-myocardial-ECV.
Results Patient characteristics of the 29 patients are as follows: mean age 57 ± 28 years old; 82.8% males (n = 24); 24% (n = 7) had hypertension; 27.6% (n = 8) had hypercholesterolemia; 55% (n = 16) were smoker and 13.8% (n = 4) had diabetes mellitus. CMR based parameters are as follows: ejection fraction (LVEF) 49 ± 9%; infarct volume on LGE 15.9 ± 11.8 mls; iECV 53.4 ± 12.1%; rECV 30 ± 6%. There was significant difference in iECV to rECV (p < 0.001). The volume of infarct was correlated to iECV (r = 0.56; p = 0.002) and also to relative ECV (r = 0.45; p < 0.05). There was no correlation of signal intensity of LGE in the infarct zone to the iECV (r = 0.07; p = 0.72) and to relative ECV (r = 0.17; p = 0.37) (Figure 1). The homogeneity of the signal intensity was also not related to iECV (r = 0.14; p = 0.45) and relative ECV (r = 0.18; p = 0.35).
- Late gadolinium enhancement
- Extracellular volume
- Myocardial infarction
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