Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Original article
Prediction and impact of failure of transradial approach for primary percutaneous coronary intervention
  1. Eltigani Abdelaal,
  2. Jimmy MacHaalany,
  3. Guillaume Plourde,
  4. Alberto Barria Perez,
  5. Marie-Pier Bouchard,
  6. Melanie Roy,
  7. Jean-Pierre Déry,
  8. Ugo Déry,
  9. Gérald Barbeau,
  10. Éric Larose,
  11. Onil Gleeton,
  12. Bernard Noël,
  13. Josep Rodés-Cabau,
  14. Louis Roy,
  15. Olivier Costerousse,
  16. Olivier F Bertrand
  1. Quebec Heart-Lung Institute, Laval University, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada
  1. Correspondence to Dr Olivier F Bertrand, Interventional Cardiology Laboratory, Quebec Heart-Lung Institute, 2725, Chemin Ste Foy, Quebec, Quebec, Canada G1V 4G5; olivier.bertrand{at}


Objectives To determine predictors of failure of transradial approach (TRA) in patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and develop a novel score specific for this population.

Methods Consecutive patients with STEMI undergoing primary PCI in a tertiary care high-volume radial centre were included. TRA-PCI failure was categorised as primary (primary transfemoral approach (TFA)) or crossover (from TRA to TFA). Multivariate analysis was performed to determine independent predictors of TRA-PCI failure, and an integer risk score was developed. Clinical outcomes up to 1 year were assessed.

Results From January 2006 to January 2011, 2020 patients were studied. Primary TRA-PCI failure occurred in 111 (5%) patients and crossover to TFA in 44 (2.2%) patients. Independent predictors of TRA-PCI failure were: weight ≤65 kg (OR: 3.0; 95% CI 1.9 to 4.8, p<0.0001), physician with ≤5% TFA conversion (OR: 0.45; 95% CI 0.2 to 0.9, p=0.033), and physician with ≥10% conversion to TFA (OR: 2.2; 95% CI 1.2 to 3.7, p=0.005), intra-aortic balloon pump (OR: 2.0; 95% CI 0.9 to 4.3, p=0.066), cardiogenic shock (OR: 2.8; 95% CI 1.4 to 5.6, p=0.0035), endotracheal intubation (OR: 107; 95% CI 42 to 339, p<0.0001), creatinine >133 μmol/L (OR: 3.6; 95% CI 1.9 to 6.8, p<0.0001), age ≥75 (OR: 1.7; 95% CI 1.0 to 2.9, p=0.031), prior PCI (OR: 2.6; 95% CI 1.5 to 4.5, p=0.0009), hypertension (OR: 1.8; 95% CI 1.2 to 2.9, p=0.009). An integer risk score ranging from −1 to 12 was developed, and predicted TRA-PCI failure from 0% to 100% (c-statistic of 0.868; 95% CI 0.866 to 0.869). Mortality at 1 year remained significantly higher after TRA-PCI failure (adjusted OR 2.2; 95% CI 1.2 to 3.9, p=0.011).

Conclusions In a high-volume radial centre, the incidence of TRA-PCI failure is low and can be accurately predicted using a 9-variables risk score. Since outcomes after TRA-PCI failure remained inferior, further effort to maximise the use of radial approach for primary PCI should be investigated.

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.

Linked Articles