Statistics from Altmetric.com
Coronary heart disease (CHD) caused by the narrowing of arteries that feed the heart is the single biggest killer in industrialised societies. Current treatments are palliative, failing to provide a definitive repair of the injured heart. Refractory angina, often seen in patients with occlusive pathology extending to the coronary microvasculature, also represents an unmet therapeutic need. There is hope that regenerative treatments based on gene and stem cell therapy provide a solution for patients with refractory CHD.
Therapeutic angiogenesis with molecules of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) family has been successfully tested in preclinical rodent models of myocardial and peripheral ischaemia, but clinical trials have not matched the initial promises. This discrepancy is mainly attributable to the dosage and time of delivery, due to the pathophysiological difference between the mouse heart and the human heart. This limitation called for the use of large animal models in cardiovascular research. The swine is considered a valuable organism system in translational medicine due to the similarities with the human organism (ie, size of the heart, type of myocardial perfusion and characteristics …
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.