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It is important to distinguish between HFrEF and HFpEF when interpreting these data
  1. Colin Cunnington
  1. Correspondence to Dr Colin Cunnington, Department of Cardiology, Manchester Royal Infirmary, Manchester M13 9WL, UK; colincunnington{at}

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To the Editor

In this interesting article, Lipworth and colleagues report1 that β-blockers are underused in patients with heart failure (HF) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), compared with those with HF alone. However, they do not quote the proportion of patients with …

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  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; internally peer reviewed.

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