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Original article
Pronounced increase in risk of acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction in younger smokers
  1. Amelia Lloyd1,
  2. Lloyd Steele1,
  3. James Fotheringham2,
  4. Javaid Iqbal1,3,
  5. Ayyaz Sultan3,
  6. M Dawn Teare2,
  7. Ever D Grech3
  1. 1The University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK
  2. 2The School of Health and Related Research (ScHARR), The University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK
  3. 3The South Yorkshire Cardiothoracic Centre, Northern General Hospital, Sheffield, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Ever D Grech, The South Yorkshire Cardiothoracic Centre, Northern General Hospital, Herries Road, Sheffield S5 7AU, UK; Ever.Grech{at}sth.nhs.uk

Footnotes

  • Contributors Study concept and design: AL, LS, JF, AS, JI, MDT and EDG. Acquisition of data: AL, LS, JF, AS and JI. Analysis and interpretation of data: AL, LS, JF, JI, MDT and EDG. Drafting of the manuscript: AL, LS, JF, AS, JI and EDG. Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: AL, LS, JF, AS, JI and EDG. Statistical analysis: AL and JF. Administrative, technical, or material support: AS, JI and EDG. Study supervision: EDG.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data sharing statement We are unable to release any data obtained from the Office for National Statistics or Myocardial Ischaemia National Audit Project and this was released to us solely for internal validation and data calculations.

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Footnotes

  • Contributors Study concept and design: AL, LS, JF, AS, JI, MDT and EDG. Acquisition of data: AL, LS, JF, AS and JI. Analysis and interpretation of data: AL, LS, JF, JI, MDT and EDG. Drafting of the manuscript: AL, LS, JF, AS, JI and EDG. Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: AL, LS, JF, AS, JI and EDG. Statistical analysis: AL and JF. Administrative, technical, or material support: AS, JI and EDG. Study supervision: EDG.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data sharing statement We are unable to release any data obtained from the Office for National Statistics or Myocardial Ischaemia National Audit Project and this was released to us solely for internal validation and data calculations.

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