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Valvular heart diseases
Serum biomarkers in valvular heart disease

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  • Contributors Drs SKMG and SC reviewed the research papers and drafted the paper; SGM and BDP critically reviewed the content and significantly edited the manuscript.

  • Funding SGM and SKMG are supported by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Biomedical Research Centre,Oxford

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Author note References which include a * have been identified as a key reference for this paper.