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Image challenge
Wrist mass in a 93-year-old woman
  1. Annette Marie Maznyczka1,
  2. Domenico Valenti2,
  3. Jonathan Byrne1
  1. 1 Department of Cardiology, King’s College Hospital, London, UK
  2. 2 Department of Vascular Surgery, King’s College Hospital, London, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Annette Marie Maznyczka, Department of Cardiology, King’s College Hospital, London SE5 9RS, UK; amaznyczka{at}


Clinical introduction A 93-year-old woman presented electively for transaortic valve implantation (TAVI), for severe aortic stenosis. She had a history of hypertension and hypothyroidism, and she was taking clopidogrel, antihypertensives and levothyroxine. In preparation for her TAVI procedure she underwent coronary angiography 4 months previously. Her coronary angiogram revealed severe three vessel disease, however, the consensus from the multidisciplinary team meeting, at that time, was to manage the coronary disease medically. Physical examination revealed a large, non-tender swelling on the volar aspect of her wrist (figure 1). The swelling had progressively enlarged in size over the preceding 4 months. Duplex ultrasonography was performed, but was technically difficult. Turbulent bidirectional flow was seen within the wrist swelling, however the connecting tract from which the flow originated was not adequately visualised. The greyscale ultrasound is shown (figure 1).

Figure 1

The panel on the left shows the swelling on the volar aspect of the wrist. The panel on the right shows the grey scale ultrasound image of the swelling at the wrist.

Question  What is the next most appropriate management step?

  1. Antibiotics and drainage

  2. Urgent ultrasound guided thrombin injection

  3. Non-emergent vascular surgery

  4. Conservative management, with observation and follow-up

  5. Ultrasound guided compression


  • peripheral vascular disease

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  • Contributors AMM, JB and DV were clinicians in management of the patient during her hospital admission. AMM wrote the report, with guidance from JB and DV.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent Obtained.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.