Article Text

Download PDFPDF
18 18F-flouride pet MR in valvular and coronary heart disease; a pilot investigational study
  1. Jack Andrews1,
  2. Alastair Moss1,
  3. Mhairi Doris1,
  4. Tania Pawade2,
  5. Philip Adamson1,
  6. Gillian MacNaught3,
  7. Christophe Lucatelli3,
  8. David Newby1,2,
  9. Marc Dweck1,2
  1. 1Centre for Cardiovascular Science, University of Edinburgh, Chancellor’s Building, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
  2. 2Edinburgh Heart Centre, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
  3. 3Clinical Research Imaging Centre, QMRI, Edinburgh, UK


Introduction Recently, PET-MR has emerged as a novel imaging technique capable of assessing myocardial disease, inflammation and microcalcification. We aimed to investigate aortic valve and coronary 18F-NaF activity in subjects with aortic stenosis (AS) and coronary disease.

Methods 25 patients underwent 18F-NaF PET-MR scanning. PET data was acquired in list mode with a standard Dixon attenuation correction technique. MR angiography was performed following infusion of Gadolinium. PET activity was quantified by calculating standardised uptake values (SUV) and tissue to background ratios (TBR) on fused PET-MR images. Culprit arteries were identified during preceding invasive coronary angiography.

Results 22 of 25 patients completed the protocol. Patients with aortic stenosis had higher aortic valve SUVmax and TBRmax (Valve SUV max/left atrial SUV mean) than those without (SUVmax 1.89±0.60 vs 1.15±0.38, p=0.001 and TBRmax 2.87±0.98 vs 1.77±0.43, p=0.001). 13/13 patients with MI had focal 18F-NaF uptake in the culprit vessel with an SUV max and TBR max greater than the proximal referent vessel (SUV max 1.05±0.26 vs 0.74±0.13, p=0.002 and TBRmax 1.64±0.47 vs 1.16±0.26, p=0.004).

Conclusion Similar to previous 18F-NaF PET CT studies, 18F-NaF PET-MR uptake is significantly greater in those with confirmed AS than those without. 18F-NaF uptake also accurately identifies culprit arteries in those with recent MI. The results share similarities with recently published valvular and coronary 18F-NaF PET-CT studies and thus promote further research into the utility of cardiovascular PET-MR as a complementary hybrid imaging technique.

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.