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Original research article
Chocolate consumption and risk of cardiovascular diseases: a meta-analysis of prospective studies
  1. Yongcheng Ren1,
  2. Yu Liu1,
  3. Xi-Zhuo Sun1,
  4. Bing-Yuan Wang2,3,
  5. Yang Zhao2,3,
  6. De-Chen Liu2,3,
  7. Dong-Dong Zhang3,
  8. Xue-Jiao Liu3,
  9. Rui-Yuan Zhang2,3,
  10. Hao-Hang Sun3,
  11. Fei-Yan Liu2,
  12. Xu Chen3,
  13. Cheng Cheng3,
  14. Lei-Lei Liu3,
  15. Qiong-Gui Zhou2,
  16. Ming Zhang2,
  17. Dong-Sheng Hu1,2
  1. 1The Affiliated Luohu Hospital, Shenzhen University Health Science Center, Shenzhen, China
  2. 2Department of Preventive Medicine, Shenzhen University Health Science Center, Shenzhen, China
  3. 3Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, College of Public Health, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China
  1. Correspondence to Professor Dong-Sheng Hu, The Affiliated Luohu Hospital of Shenzhen, University Health Science Center, Shenzhen 518001, China; dongshenghu563{at}126.com

Footnotes

  • Contributors Substantial contributions to the conception and design of the work: D-SH, Y-CR, D-DZ and X-JL. Acquisition, analysis and interpretation of data for the work: Y-CR, D-DZ, X-JL, YL, X-ZS and D-SH. Drafting the work and revising it critically for important intellectual content: Y-CR, D-DZ, X-JL, YL, X-ZS, B-YW, YZ, D-CL, R-YZh, H-HS, F-YL, XC, CC, L-LL, Q-GZ, MZ and D-SH. Final approval of the version to be published: Y-CR, YL, X-ZS, B-YW, YZ, D-CL, R-YZ, H-HS, F-YL, D-DZ, X-JL, XC, CC, L-LL, Q-GZ, MZ and D-SH.

  • Funding This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (grant nos. 81373074, 81402752 and 81673260); the Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province (grant no. 2017A03013452); the Medical Research Foundation of Guangdong Province (grant no. A2017181); and the Science and Technology Development Foundation of Shenzhen (grant nos. JCYJ20140418091413562, JCYJ20160307155707264, JCYJ20170412110537191), the Natural Science Foundation of Shenzhen University (grant no. 201404; JCYJ 20170302143855721 and JCYJ20170412110537191), and the Natural Science Foundation of Shenzhen University (grant no. 201404).

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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Footnotes

  • Contributors Substantial contributions to the conception and design of the work: D-SH, Y-CR, D-DZ and X-JL. Acquisition, analysis and interpretation of data for the work: Y-CR, D-DZ, X-JL, YL, X-ZS and D-SH. Drafting the work and revising it critically for important intellectual content: Y-CR, D-DZ, X-JL, YL, X-ZS, B-YW, YZ, D-CL, R-YZh, H-HS, F-YL, XC, CC, L-LL, Q-GZ, MZ and D-SH. Final approval of the version to be published: Y-CR, YL, X-ZS, B-YW, YZ, D-CL, R-YZ, H-HS, F-YL, D-DZ, X-JL, XC, CC, L-LL, Q-GZ, MZ and D-SH.

  • Funding This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (grant nos. 81373074, 81402752 and 81673260); the Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province (grant no. 2017A03013452); the Medical Research Foundation of Guangdong Province (grant no. A2017181); and the Science and Technology Development Foundation of Shenzhen (grant nos. JCYJ20140418091413562, JCYJ20160307155707264, JCYJ20170412110537191), the Natural Science Foundation of Shenzhen University (grant no. 201404; JCYJ 20170302143855721 and JCYJ20170412110537191), and the Natural Science Foundation of Shenzhen University (grant no. 201404).

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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