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Ethnicity, heart failure, atrial fibrillation and diabetes: collider bias

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Footnotes

  • Contributors AFB had the idea for the article. AFB and NT performed the literature search and wrote the article. AFB is the guarantor (the contributor who accepts full responsibility for the finished article, had access to any data and controlled the decision to publish).

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; internally peer reviewed.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

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