Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Original research article
Epidemiology and long-term outcome in outpatients with chronic heart failure in Northwestern Europe
  1. Hanna Fröhlich1,
  2. Niklas Rosenfeld1,
  3. Tobias Täger1,
  4. Kevin Goode2,
  5. Syed Kazmi3,
  6. Torstein Hole4,
  7. Hugo A Katus5,
  8. Dan Atar6,
  9. John G F Cleland7,
  10. Stefan Agewall8,
  11. Andrew L Clark9,
  12. Lutz Frankenstein1,
  13. Morten Grundtvig10
  1. 1 Department of Cardiology, Angiology and Pulmonology, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany
  2. 2 Health Technology, University of Hull, Kingston-upon-Hull, UK
  3. 3 Academic Cardiology, University of Hull, Kingston-upon-Hull, UK
  4. 4 Medical Faculty, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
  5. 5 Cardiology and Pneumology, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany
  6. 6 Department of Cardiology, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
  7. 7 Royal Brompton & Harefield Hospitals, Imperial College, London, UK
  8. 8 Department of Cardiology, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
  9. 9 Castle Hill Hospital, University of Hull, Hull, UK
  10. 10 Fagavdelingen, St Olavs Hospital, Trondheim, Norway
  1. Correspondence to Dr Hanna Fröhlich, Department of Cardiology, Angiology, and Pulmonology, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 410, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany; Hanna.Froehlich{at}med.uni-heidelberg.de

Footnotes

  • Contributors HF: study design, data acquisition, statistical analysis, data interpretation, draft of the manuscript, responsible for the overall content as a guarantor. NR: study design, data acquisition, statistical analysis, review of the manuscript. TT: data acquisition, statistical analysis, review of the manuscript. KG: data acquisition, statistical analysis, review of the manuscript. SK: data acquisition, statistical analysis, review of the manuscript. TH: data acquisition, statistical analysis, review of the manuscript. HAK: review of the manuscript. DA: review of the manuscript. JGFC: review of the manuscript. SA: review of the manuscript. ALC: study design, data acquisition, review of the manuscript. LF: study design, data acquisition, review of the manuscript, responsible for the overall content as a guarantor. MG: study design, data acquisition, review of the manuscript, supervisorship, responsible for the overall content as a guarantor.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Ethics approval The study conformed to the principles outlined in the Declaration of Helsinki and was approved by the local ethics committees.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

View Full Text

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Footnotes

  • Contributors HF: study design, data acquisition, statistical analysis, data interpretation, draft of the manuscript, responsible for the overall content as a guarantor. NR: study design, data acquisition, statistical analysis, review of the manuscript. TT: data acquisition, statistical analysis, review of the manuscript. KG: data acquisition, statistical analysis, review of the manuscript. SK: data acquisition, statistical analysis, review of the manuscript. TH: data acquisition, statistical analysis, review of the manuscript. HAK: review of the manuscript. DA: review of the manuscript. JGFC: review of the manuscript. SA: review of the manuscript. ALC: study design, data acquisition, review of the manuscript. LF: study design, data acquisition, review of the manuscript, responsible for the overall content as a guarantor. MG: study design, data acquisition, review of the manuscript, supervisorship, responsible for the overall content as a guarantor.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Ethics approval The study conformed to the principles outlined in the Declaration of Helsinki and was approved by the local ethics committees.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.