Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Apical aneurysm or transient apical ballooning? Potential dilemma in risk stratification of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
  1. Kenan Yalta1,
  2. Muhammet Gurdogan1,
  3. Orkide Palabiyik2
  1. 1 Cardiology, Trakya Universitesi, Edirne, Turkey
  2. 2 Health Services Vocational College, Trakya Universitesi, Edirne, Turkey
  1. Correspondence to Professor Kenan Yalta, cardiology, Trakya Universitesi, Edirne 22030, Turkey; kyalta{at}

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.

To the Editor

Left ventricular apical aneurysm (LVAA) formation in the setting of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) usually appears to be associated with a significant midventricular obstruction and is potentially associated with adverse cardiovascular events.1 In their recently published article,1 Ramchand et al have suggested LVAA as a major risk marker in this setting. Though we fully agree with the authors on this point, we would like to draw attention to certain other conditions, including transient left ventricular apical ballooning that might strongly mimick LVAA, leading to a potential misdiagnosis in patients with HCM.

Takotsubo …

View Full Text


  • Contributors All authors have significantly contributed to the manuscript.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient and public involvement Patients and/or the public were not involved in the design, conduct, reporting or dissemination plans of this research.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; internally peer reviewed.

Linked Articles