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Cardiac surgery in any context of left-sided infective endocarditis?

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  • Contributors ED did the first manuscript and got the contribution of EF as a surgeon. PT as an infectiologist and GH as the writer of the guidelines both contributed and provided ideas.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient and public involvement Patients and/or the public were not involved in the design, or conduct, or reporting, or dissemination plans of this research.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; internally peer reviewed.

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