Background In this territory-wide, observational, propensity score-matched cohort study, we evaluate the development of transient ischaemic attack and ischaemic stroke (TIA/Ischaemic stroke) in patients with AF treated with edoxaban or warfarin.
Methods This was an observational, territory-wide cohort study of patients between January 1st, 2016 and December 31st, 2019, in Hong Kong. The inclusion were patients with i) atrial fibrillation, and ii) edoxaban or warfarin prescription. 1:2 propensity score matching was performed between edoxaban and warfarin users. Univariate Cox regression identifies significant risk predictors of the primary, secondary and safety outcomes. Hazard ratios (HRs) with corresponding 95% confidence interval [CI] and p values were reported.
Results This cohort included 3464 patients (54.18% males, median baseline age: 72 years old, IQR: 63-80, max: 100 years old), 664 (19.17%) with edoxaban use and 2800 (80.83%) with warfarin use. (Figure 1). After a median follow-up of 606 days (IQR: 306-1044, max: 1520 days), 91(incidence rate: 2.62%) developed TIA/ischaemic stroke: 1.51% (10/664) in the edoxaban group and 2.89% (81/2800) in the warfarin group. Edoxaban was associated with a lower risk of TIA or ischemic stroke when compared to warfarin (figure 2).
Conclusions Edoxaban use was associated with a lower risk of TIA or ischemic stroke after propensity score matching for demographics, comorbidities and medication use.
Conflict of Interest None
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.