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37 Incidence and one year outcome of periprocedural myocardial infarction following cardiac surgery: are the universal definition and scai criteria fit for purpose?
  1. Jonathan Hinton1,
  2. Maclyn Augustine2,
  3. Lavinia Gabara1,
  4. Mark Mariathas1,
  5. Rick Allan1,
  6. Florina Borca1,
  7. Zoe Nicholas1,
  8. John Ikwoube1,
  9. Neil Gillett1,
  10. Chun Shing Kwok3,
  11. Paul Cook1,
  12. Michael Grocott2,
  13. Mamas Mamas3,
  14. Nick Curzen2
  1. 1University Hospital Southampton, Southampton, UK
  2. 2University of Southampton
  3. 3University of Keele


Introduction The diagnosis and clinical implication of periprocedural myocardial infarction (PPMI) following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is contentious, especially given its importance in the interpretation of trial data. Two accepted definitions of PPMI yield discrepant results. Little is known about the association between the diagnosis of PPMI, using high sensitivity troponin (hs-cTn), and medium term mortality in patients who undergo CABG, either alone or in conjunction with another procedure.

Method Consecutive patients admitted to a cardiothoracic critical care unit (CCCU) over a six month period following open cardiac surgery had hs-cTnI assay performed on admission and every day for forty-eight hours, regardless of whether there was a clinical indication. Patients were categorised as PPMI using both the Universal Definition of MI (UDMI) and Society of Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions (SCAI) criteria. Comorbidity data, surgical details and clinical progress in CCCU were recorded. One year mortality data were obtained from NHS Digital.

Results There were 245 CABG patients, of whom 20.4% met criteria for UDMI PPMI and 87.6% for SCAI UDMI. The diagnosis of UDMI PPMI was independently associated with one year mortality (hazard ratio 4.175 (95% confidence interval 1.281 – 13.608)), whereas there was no association between SCAI PPMI and one year mortality (figure 1). Of the 243 patients who had non CABG cardiac surgery, 11.4% met criteria for UDMI PPMI and 85.2% for SCAI PPMI but neither was associated with one year mortality.

Abstract 37 Figure 1

Kaplan Meier curves of one year mortality for PPMI; Panel A UDMI PPMI (p=0.002 (log-rank)); Panal B SCAI PPMI (p=0.156 (log-rank))

Conclusions The incidence of SCAI PPMI in a real world cohort of cardiac surgery patients is so high as to be of limited clinical value. By contrast, a diagnosis of UDMI PPMI post CABG is independently associated with one year mortality, so may have clinical utility.

Conflict of Interest Beckman Coulter provided the assays used in my research but had no other role in the studies

  • Troponin
  • coronary artery bypass surgery
  • Periprocedural myocardial infarction

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