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Proteomics profiling reveals a distinct high-risk molecular subtype of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
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    RE: Proteomics profiling reveals a distinct high-risk molecular subtype of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

    Liang et al. conducted a prospective study to predict major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) with special reference to molecular subtypes in HCM (1). Compared with the reference group with molecular subtype A, patients in molecular subtype D presented an increased risk of developing MACE, with the adjusted hazard ratio (HR) (95% CI) of 2.78 (1.18 to 6.55). I have comments about the study.

    The authors understand the unstable estimation by multivariate analysis, which would be partly caused by the limited number of events. When conducting Cox regression analysis, they used sex, age, and two conventional cardiac biomarkers. As they classified molecular subtypes into four groups, a total of 7 independent variables were used for the analysis. There is a recommendation that the number of events per independent variable in Cox regression analysis are required ≥10 for prediction model (2,3). If the authors have concerned about the association between molecular subtypes in HCM and MACE events, strict criteria for the number of events can be relaxed (4). Although there is a description that the total number of events was 78 in Table 2, the number of patients with event was 66 in Table 3. I suppose that some patients had more than single event. I recommended to add MACE events by continuing follow-up to fulfill the statistical requirement.

    When we see survival curve in Figure 2, remarkable difference in the risk of...

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    Conflict of Interest:
    None declared.