Objectives To determine the long-term and transplantation-free survival of all patients after atrial correction of transposition of the great arteries (TGA) in the Czech and Slovak republics, including its preoperative and perioperative determinants.
Methods Retrospective analysis of all 454 consecutive patients after atrial correction of TGA was performed. Of these, 126 (27.8%) were female, median age at operation was 7.4 months (Q1 5.3; Q3 13.3) and 164 (36.1%) underwent the Mustard procedure. The relationships between age, weight, the complexity of TGA, operative technique, additional surgical procedures, immediate postoperative presence of tricuspid regurgitation and revision procedures during follow-up to major composite outcome, as such defined as long-term and transplantation-free survival, were tested.
Results Early 30-day mortality did not differ between the Mustard (9.76%) and Senning (8.97%) cohorts (p=0.866). The long-term and transplantation-free survival, which differed between the Mustard and Senning cohorts in favour of the Senning procedure (HR 0.43; 95% CI 0.21 to 0.87), was shorter in complex TGA (HR 2.4; 95% CI 1.59 to 3.78) and in complex surgical interventions (HR 3.51; 95% CI 2.31 to 5.56). The immediate presence of at least moderate tricuspid regurgitation after correction was associated with a shorter long-term and transplantation-free survival in the univariate but not in the multivariable model.
Conclusions The lower long-term survival of patients after an atrial switch operation of TGA in the Czech and Slovak republics is associated with greater complexity of TGA, complex surgical interventions and application of the the Mustard operative procedure.
- transposition of great vessels
- heart defects, congenital
- tricuspid valve insufficiency
Data availability statement
Data are available on reasonable request.
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Collaborators The authors would like to thank Vaclav Capek for his contribution to this manuscript.
Contributors All the authors contributed to the planning of the study, patient identification, data collection, data reporting and writing. Similarly, they were all involved in the interpretation of the results and the revision of the manuscript. PA and JJ are the guarantors.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Patient and public involvement Patients and/or the public were not involved in the design, or conduct, or reporting, or dissemination plans of this research.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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