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Cardiac sarcoidosis
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  • Published on:
    Tuberculous myocarditis must be included in the differential diagnosis

    In the context of cardiac sarcoidosis, diagnostic ambiguities which deserve mention include, not only the entity of arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia(highlighted by the authors[1], but, also, tuberculous myocarditis[2][3],[4], which can have a fatal outcome[5][6].
    Criteria for cardiac sarcoidosis such as ventricular tachycardia(VT), left ventricular dysfunction characterised by left ventricular ejection fraction as low as 32%, and patchy regions of increased 19-Fluoro Deoxy Glucose(18-FDG) uptake were documented in a patient in whom the diagnosis of a tuberculous aetiology was established after needle biopsy of a paraaortic lymph node revealed necrotising granulomatous inflammation consistent with a diagnosis of tuberculosis[2].
    In another example, a patient with documented VT and global hypokinesia of the left ventricle had an imaging study which showed increased 18-FDG uptake in the anteroseptal myocardial segment. Delayed gadolinium enhancement images showed intense subepicardial enhancement in the inferior and inferoseptal segments of the heart. Excision biopsy of an axillary lymph node showed necrotising granulomatous inflammation consistent with tuberculosis[3].
    The association of VT and mediastinal lymphadenopathy simulating sarcoidosis was documented in a patient in whom mediastinal lymph node biopsy(via mediastinoscopy) showed large numbers of confluent granulomas with multinucleated giant cells. Ziehl-Nielsen staining identi...

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    Conflict of Interest:
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