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Roles for cardiologists in government, research councils and regulatory sectors
  1. Liesl Zühlke1,2,
  2. Jennifer Franke3,
  3. Martin R Cowie4,5
  1. 1 South African Medical Research Council, South African Medical Research Council, Tygerberg, South Africa
  2. 2 Division of Paediatric Cardiology, Department of Paediatrics, Medicine and Cape Heart Institute, University of Cape Town Faculty of Health Sciences, Cape Town, South Africa
  3. 3 Chief Medical Office, Philips, Hamburg, Germany
  4. 4 Royal Brompton Hospital, Division of Cardiovascular Sciences and Medicine, Faculty of Lifescience & Medicine, King's College London, London, UK
  5. 5 Research and Development, AstraZeneca, Cambridge, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Jennifer Franke, Chief Medical Office, Philips, Hamburg 22335, Germany; jennifer.franke{at}

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This article focuses on the potential roles for cardiologists in governmental and regulatory sectors, as well as research councils as the fourth part of a series on transitioning from clinical employment. Clinicians have numerous opportunities to gain experience in governmental or regulatory organisations, including health technology assessment bodies and payors. These organisations often seek advice from individuals with clinical experience and knowledge, and they increasingly engage with the clinical community on a regular basis. Cardiologists can also take on formal advisory roles, either through working groups or ad hoc and standing committees. Additionally, there may be part-time or full-time employment opportunities available, often providing leadership in research councils. This article provides some examples of such roles and emphasises the impact physicians can have in these fields.

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  • Contributors All authors (LZ, JF, MRC) have made substantial contributions to the conception and design of the work. They have drafted and revised it critically for important intellectual content and have provided final approval of the version to be published. Further, all authors have agreed to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Disclaimer The content hereof is the sole responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the SAMRC.

  • Competing interests MRC is employed by AstraZeneca as Clinical Vice President, Cardiovascular and Heart Failure, late CVRM, Biopharmaceuticals Research and Development. JF is employed by Philips as Zone Business Leader Image Guided Therapy in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. LZ is funded by the South African Medical Research Council (SAMRC) through its Division of Research Capacity Development under the Mid-Career Scientist Programme from funding received from the South African National Treasury. LZ also receives support from the National Research Foundation of South Africa (NRFSA), as well as the UK Medical Research Council (MRC) and the UK Department for International Development (DFID) under the MRC/DFID Concordat agreement, via the African Research Leader Award (MR/S005242/1).

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; internally peer reviewed.