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Original research
Coronary CT and timing of invasive coronary angiography in patients ≥75 years old with non-ST segment elevation acute coronary syndromes

Abstract

Background The ability of coronary CT angiography (cCTA) to rule out significant coronary artery disease (CAD) in older patients with non-ST segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTEACS) is unclear since valid cCTA analysis may be limited by extensive coronary artery calcification. In addition, the effect of very early invasive coronary angiography (ICA) with possible revascularisation is debated.

Methods This is a posthoc analysis of patients ≥75 years included in the Very Early vs Standard Care Invasive Examination and Treatment of Patients with Non-ST-Segment Elevation Acute Coronary Syndrome Trial. cCTA was performed prior to the ICA. The diagnostic accuracy of cCTA was investigated. Presence of a coronary artery stenosis ≥50% by subsequent ICA was used as reference. Patients were randomised to a very early (within 12 hours of diagnosis) or a standard ICA (within 48–72 hours of diagnosis). The primary composite endpoint was 5-year all-cause mortality, non-fatal recurrent myocardial infarction or hospital admission for refractory myocardial ischaemia or heart failure.

Results Of 452 (21%) patients ≥75 years, 161 (35.6%) underwent cCTA. 19% of cCTAs excluded significant CAD. The negative predictive value (NPV) of cCTA was 94% (95% CI 79 to 99) and the sensitivity 98% (95% CI 94 to 100). No significant differences in the frequency of primary endpoints were seen in patients randomised to very early ICA (at 5-year follow-up, n=100 (46.9%) vs 122 (51.0%), log-rank p=0.357).

Conclusion In patients ≥75 years with NSTEACS, cCTA before ICA showed a high NPV. A very early ICA <12 hours of diagnosis did not significantly improve long-term clinical outcomes.

  • acute coronary syndrome

Data availability statement

All data relevant to the study are included in the article or uploaded as supplementary information.

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