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Clinically significant myocardial bridging


Myocardial bridging is a common anatomical variant in which a major epicardial coronary artery takes an intramyocardial course, leading to dynamic systolic compression. Because coronary perfusion occurs primarily during diastole, most patients with this anatomical variant have no associated perfusion abnormalities or symptoms. Despite this, there is a subset of patients with myocardial bridging who experience ischaemic symptoms. Determining which anatomical variants are benign and which are clinically relevant remains a challenge. Further complicating the picture, functional factors such as diastolic dysfunction and coronary vasospasm may exacerbate myocardial bridging-related ischaemia. In patients with ischaemic symptoms in the absence of alternative explanations, a detailed assessment of myocardial bridging with invasive physiology should be performed to define the significance of the lesion and guide tailored medical therapy. Patients with refractory symptoms despite maximally tolerated medical therapy should be considered for surgical coronary unroofing.

  • Cardiac Imaging Techniques
  • Chest Pain
  • Coronary Vessels

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