Article Text

Download PDFPDF

Presystolic mitral closure sound in aortic regurgitation with left ventricular hypertrophy and first degree heart block.
  1. T A Traill,
  2. N J Fortuin


    We report a patient who developed aortic regurgitation and first degree atrioventricular block caused by infective endocarditis complicating aortic valve stenosis. There was premature closure of the mitral valve and, in the absence of an Austin Flint murmur, a simultaneous high frequency sound was audible which we regard as a presystolic first heart sound. That such a sound may be associated with valve closure, even though this precedes electrical and mechanical ventricular systole, provides further support for the valvular origin of the first heart sound.

    Statistics from

    Request Permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.