OBJECTIVE--To determine the role of exercise tests and assessment of angina in the detection of potentially threatening disease in young patients with infarcts. DESIGN--Elective readmission of patients at a mean (SD) of 60 (30) days after acute myocardial infarction for assessment of angina, treadmill exercise tests, and cardiac catheterisation. SETTING--Cardiology department of a teaching hospital. PATIENTS--186 consecutive survivors, aged under 60 years and discharged from the coronary care unit after a first myocardial infarction. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES--Coronary arteriography, presence of angina, result of exercise tests, and referral for revascularisation. RESULTS--31% of patients had either two vessel disease (with proximal left anterior descending involvement), three vessel disease, or left main stem disease. 49% of all patients had angina. Of the 173 patients who had an exercise test 34% had 1 mm and 24% had 2 mm of exercise induced ST depression. Thirty percent had no angina and a negative exercise test: after a mean (SD) follow up of 16 (4) months none of this symptom free sub-group had died, had experienced a further myocardial infarction, or had been referred for revascularisation. 79% of patients with either two vessel disease (with proximal left anterior descending involvement), three vessel disease, or left main stem disease had either angina or a 1 mm ST depression during the exercise test. CONCLUSION--Patients without cardiac pain after myocardial infarction and without ST changes during an exercise do not need arteriography.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.