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Initial and subsequent angiographic outcome of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty performed on internal mammary artery grafts.
  1. N. Ishizaka,
  2. Y. Ishizaka,
  3. Y. Ikari,
  4. T. Isshiki,
  5. T. Tamura,
  6. H. Suma,
  7. T. Yamaguchi
  1. Division of Cardiology, Mitsui Memorial Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.


    OBJECTIVE--To estimate the initial outcome and incidence of restenosis of angioplasty of internal mammary artery grafts in a retrospective study. METHODS--The study population consisted of 46 patients (48 lesions) who underwent first balloon angioplasty within the internal mammary artery graft. Most (37/48) were at the distal anastomosis. A few (8/48) were in the graft body. Six patients with the evidence of angiographic restenosis underwent a second angioplasty. RESULTS--The success rate and the restenosis rate of the first angioplasty was 73% and 30% respectively. Of the 34 patients (35 lesions) with a successful first angioplasty, 30 underwent follow up angiography with a restenosis rate of 30% (9/30). A second angioplasty was performed on six of the nine restenotic lesions, with a success rate of 83% and no restenoses. The percent diameter stenosis of the recipient native coronary artery was significantly greater in the restenosis group, at 75 (SD 27)% v 89 (17)%, p < 0.05. CONCLUSIONS--First angioplasty of 46 patients (48 lesions) within an internal mammary artery graft was performed with a success rate of 73% and a restenosis rate of 30% (follow up rate of 88%). The extent of the stenosis of the recipient native coronary artery may affect the restenosis rate.

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