Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Residual and recurrent shunts after implantation of Cook detachable duct occlusion coils
  1. O Uzun,
  2. D Dickinson,
  3. J Parsons,
  4. J L Gibbs
  1. Department of Paediatric Cardiology, Killingbeck Hospital, York Road, Leeds LS14 6UQ, UK
  1. Dr Gibbs.


Objective To assess the presence and outcome of Doppler detectable shunts following implantation of the Cook detachable PDA coil.

Design Prospective study.

Setting Tertiary paediatric cardiac centre.

Patients 76 consecutive patients undergoing coil implantation (80 procedures).

Main outcome measures Detection and colour Doppler echocardiographic appearance of residual or recurrent shunts, the timing of the appearance of recurrent shunts, and the time taken for spontaneous resolution of these shunts.

Results Immediate occlusion was achieved in 52 patients. At one month 63 patients had complete occlusion and after three months the duct was completely occluded in 67 patients. In 27 cases small residual shunts were detected on echocardiography 10 minutes after the completion of the implantation procedure; 15 of these had resolved by 24 hours and 20 had resolved by three months. Recurrent shunts were detected after apparent initial complete occlusion in 11 cases 24 hours after coil implantation and in two cases one month after the procedure. Six recurrent shunts resolved on later follow up. Residual shunts appeared as single jets after implantation of a single coil, but up to three separate jets were detected after implantation of multiple coils.

Conclusions Spontaneous resolution of small residual shunts occurs in most patients. The recurrence of small shunts after apparent complete occlusion suggests that recanalisation of the duct may occur in a small percentage of patients up to one month after occlusion. Residual shunts may take the form of multiple residual jets that may require implantation of further coils to achieve complete duct occlusion.

  • coil occlusion
  • arterial duct
  • congenital heart disease

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.