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Tyrosine phosphorylation of platelet derived growth factor β receptors in coronary artery lesions: implications for vascular remodelling after directional coronary atherectomy and unstable angina pectoris


Background Growth factors such as platelet derived growth factor (PDGF) have been postulated to be important mediators of neointimal proliferation observed in atherosclerotic plaques and restenotic lesions following coronary interventions. Binding of PDGF to its receptor results in intrinsic receptor tyrosine kinase activation and subsequent cellular migration, proliferation, and vascular contraction.

Aims To investigate whether the concentration of PDGF β receptor tyrosine phosphorylation obtained from directional coronary atherectomy (DCA) samples correlate with atherosclerotic plaque burden, the ability of diseased vessels to remodel, coronary risk factors, and clinical events.

Methods DCA samples from 59 patients and 15 non-atherosclerotic left internal thoracic arteries (LITA) were analysed for PDGF β receptor tyrosine phosphorylation content by receptor immunoprecipitation and antiphosphotyrosine western blot. The amount of PDGF β receptor phosphorylation was analysed in relation to angiographic follow up data and clinical variables.

Results PDGF β receptor tyrosine phosphorylation in the 59 DCA samples was greater than in the 15 non-atherosclerotic LITA (mean (SD) 0.84 (0.67) v 0.17 (0.08) over a control standard, p < 0.0001). As evaluated by stepwise regression analysis, incorporation of both PDGF β receptor tyrosine phosphorylation and immediate gain correlated strongly (adjustedr 2 = 0.579) with late loss, although PDGF β receptor tyramine phosphorylation alone correlated poorly with late loss. Multivariate regression analysis of coronary risk factors and clinical events revealed unstable angina as the most significant correlate of PDGF β receptor tyrosine phosphorylation (F value 20.009, p < 0.0001).

Conclusions PDGF β receptor tyrosine phosphorylation in atherosclerotic lesions is increased compared with non-atherosclerotic arterial tissues. The association of PDGF β receptor tyrosine phosphorylation with immediate gain strongly correlates with vascular remodelling. PDGF β receptor tyrosine phosphorylation correlates with unstable angina pectoris.

  • PDGF receptors
  • atherosclerosis
  • directional coronary atherectomy
  • restenosis

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