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Monocyte expression of tissue factor and adhesion molecules: the link with accelerated coronary artery disease in patients with chronic renal failure


Objective To investigate the expression of monocyte tissue factor (MTF) and adhesion molecules in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) and to look for any correlation with thrombin generation and Lp(a) lipoprotein.

Design A study of MTF expression and adhesion molecules, prothrombin fragments 1+2 (PTf1+2), an index of thrombin generation, and lipoproteins in patients with CRF and in normal control subjects.

Background Patients with end stage renal failure have an increased risk of coronary artery disease despite advances in therapy. Stimulated monocytes are potent activators of blood coagulation through the generation of MTF, which was recently implicated in the aetiology of acute coronary ischaemic syndromes.

Methods MTF expression and adhesion molecules were measured in whole blood using immunofluorescence of monocytes labelled with anti-tissue factor antibody and CD11b and c by flow cytometry. PTf1+2 and Lp(a) lipoprotein in plasma were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).

Patients 70 patients with CRF without documented coronary artery disease (30 patients with CRF undialysed, 20 patients undergoing chronic ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), and 20 undergoing haemodialysis (HD)), together with 20 normal controls, were studied.

Results The (mean (SD)) increased MTF of CRF (48.0 (29)v 33.3 (7.2) mesf unit/100 monocytes in controls, p = 0.04) was more pronounced in patients undergoing dialysis (HD 73.1 (32.8) (p < 0.003) and CAPD 62.8 (28.9) mesf unit/100 monocytes, p < 0.04). MTF activity showed a positive correlation with both PTf1+2 and serum creatinine (p < 0.003) but not with Lp(a) lipoprotein. Lp(a) lipoprotein was significantly increased in both dialysis groups compared with controls (p < 0.005) and non-dialysis CRF groups (p < 0.02). Monocyte adhesion molecule (CD11b) was significantly higher in all three CRF groups than in the controls (p = 0.006).

Conclusion This study has demonstrated a hypercoagulable state in patients with CRF. This was especially pronounced in the dialysis patients. These findings provide a possible explanation for the increased cardiovascular and cerebrovascular morbidity and mortality in these patients.

  • chronic renal failure
  • haemodialysis
  • continuous ambulatory dialysis
  • monocyte tissue factor
  • monocyte adhesion molecules
  • prothrombin
  • Lp(a) lipoprotein

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