AIM To screen for a mutation of the cardiac troponin T gene in two families where there had been sudden deaths without an increase in left ventricular mass but with myocardial disarray suggesting hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
METHODS DNA from affected individuals from both families was used to screen the cardiac troponin T gene on an exon by exon basis. Mutation screening was achieved by polymerase chain reaction and direct sequencing. Where appropriate, a mutation was confirmed by restriction digest.
RESULTS A novel missense mutation of exon 9 was found in the affected individuals of one of the families. This mutation at amino acid 94 resulted in the substitution of arginine for leucine and was not found in 100 normal control samples. A mutation of the cardiac troponin T gene was excluded in the second family.
CONCLUSIONS A mutation of the gene for the sarcomeric protein cardiac troponin T can cause familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with marked myocyte disarray and frequent premature sudden death in the absence of myocardial hypertrophy at clinical or macroscopic level.
- hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
- troponin T
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.