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Interleukin 6 expression in coronary circulation after coronary angioplasty as a risk factor for restenosis
  1. Y Hojo,
  2. U Ikeda,
  3. T Katsuki,
  4. O Mizuno,
  5. H Fukazawa,
  6. K Kurosaki,
  7. H Fujikawa,
  8. K Shimada
  1. Department of Cardiology, Jichi Medical School, Minamikawachi-machi, Tochigi 329-0498, Japan
  1. Dr Ikeda. email: uikeda{at}


OBJECTIVE To investigate changes in cytokine expression in the coronary circulation induced by percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA).

METHODS The study involved 32 patients with ischaemic heart disease who underwent elective PTCA for isolated stenotic lesions of the left coronary artery. Ten patients had plain old balloon angioplasty, 10 had percutaneous transluminal rotational atherectomy, and 12 had stent implantation. Blood samples were drawn from the coronary sinus before and immediately after PTCA. Plasma concentrations of interleukin 6 (IL-6), platelet derived growth factor (PDGF), monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1), and macrophage coronary stimulating factor (M-CSF) were measured. The patients were scheduled for follow up angiography six months after PTCA. Late loss index was calculated using quantitative coronary angiography.

RESULTS IL-6 concentrations in coronary sinus blood increased immediately after PTCA (p < 0.001), but there was no change in PDGF, MCP-1, or M-CSF. There was a positive correlation between changes in IL-6 concentrations immediately after PTCA and late loss index six months after PTCA (r = 0.73, p < 0.001). IL-6 concentrations in coronary sinus blood were higher in patients with late restenosis than in those without restenosis (p < 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS PTCA induces IL-6 production in the coronary circulation. This may induce subsequent inflammatory responses in injured vessels and play an important role in late restenosis after PTCA.

  • inflammation
  • cytokine
  • restenosis

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