Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Short early filling deceleration time on day 1 after acute myocardial infarction is associated with short and long term left ventricular remodelling
  1. P Otašević,
  2. A N Nešković,
  3. Z Popović,
  4. A Vlahović,
  5. D Bojić,
  6. M Bojić,
  7. A D Popović
  1. Dr Aleksandar D Popović Cardiovascular Research Centre, Dedinje Cardiovascular Institute, Milana Tepića 1, 11040 Belgrade, Yugoslavia
  1. Dr Neškovićneskovic{at}


OBJECTIVE To assess the relations between early filling deceleration time, left ventricular remodelling, and cardiac mortality in an unselected group of postinfarction patients.

DESIGN AND PATIENTS Prospective evaluation of 131 consecutive patients with first acute myocardial infarction. Echocardiography was performed on day 1, day 2, day 3, day 7, at three and six weeks, and at three, six, and 12 months after infarction. According to deceleration time on day 1, patients were divided into groups with short (< 150 ms) and normal deceleration time (⩾ 150 ms).

SETTING Tertiary care centre.

RESULTS Patients with a short deceleration time had higher end systolic and end diastolic volume indices and a higher wall motion score index, but a lower ejection fraction, in the year after infarction. These patients also showed a significant increase in end diastolic (p < 0.001) and end systolic volume indices (p = 0.007) during the follow up period, while ejection fraction and wall motion score index remained unchanged. In the group with normal deceleration time, end diastolic volume index increased (p < 0.001) but end systolic volume index did not change; in addition, the ejection fraction increased (p = 0.002) and the wall motion score index decreased (p < 0.001). One year and five year survival analysis showed greater cardiac mortality in patients with a short deceleration time (p = 0.04 and p = 0.02, respectively). In a Cox model, which included initial ejection fraction, infarct location, and infarct size, deceleration time on day 1 was the only significant predictor of five year mortality.

CONCLUSIONS A short deceleration time on day 1 after acute myocardial infarction can identify patients who are likely to undergo left ventricular remodelling in the following year. These patients have a higher one year and five year cardiac mortality.

  • deceleration time
  • left ventricular remodelling
  • acute myocardial infarction

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.