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Increased pericardial fluid concentrations of the mature form of adrenomedullin in patients with cardiac remodelling

Abstract

Background: There is evidence that adrenomedullin has autocrine or paracrine activities that oppose cardiac remodelling. However, it remains unclear whether it exerts those local functions in heart failure patients.

Objective: To investigate the relation between plasma and pericardial fluid concentrations of adrenomedullin and left ventricular haemodynamic variables.

Design: Samples of plasma and pericardial fluid were obtained from 50 patients undergoing cardiac surgery. They were classified into two groups: group N (n = 27) with a left ventricular end diastolic volume index (LVEDVI) ≤ 90 ml/m2; and group R (n = 23) with LVEDVI > 90 ml/m2. Plasma and pericardial fluid concentrations of total adrenomedullin (tAM) and mature adrenomedullin (mAM) were measured and related to the preoperative haemodynamic variables.

Results: Pericardial fluid concentrations of mAM were much higher than the plasma concentration in both group N and group R (mean (SEM), 10.6 (1.7) v 3.3 (0.2) fmol/ml, p = 0.0001; and 21.2 (2.8) v 3.9 (0.3) fmol/ml, p < 0.0001, respectively). The ratio mAM/tAM in pericardial fluid was significantly higher than in plasma (0.56 (0.02) v 0.28 (0.02), p < 0.0001). Pericardial fluid concentrations of mAM, but not plasma concentrations, were significantly correlated with LVEDVI, left ventricular end systolic volume index, left ventricular ejection fraction, and left ventricular mass index (r = 0.60, 0.63, −0.54, and 0.47, respectively).

Conclusions: Raised pericardial fluid concentrations of mAM may reflect the actions of adrenomedullin as a local mediator against cardiac remodelling in patients with left ventricular dysfunction.

  • adrenomedullin
  • cardiac remodelling
  • heart failure
  • pericardial fluid
  • iAM, intermediate form of adrenomedullin
  • LVEDP, left ventricular end diastolic pressure
  • LVEDVI, left ventricular end diastolic volume index
  • LVEF, left ventricular ejection fraction
  • LVESVI, left ventricular end systolic volume index
  • LVMI, left ventricular mass index
  • mAM, mature adrenomedullin
  • tAM, total immunoreactive adrenomedullin

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