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Natural history of growth of secundum atrial septal defects and implications for transcatheter closure
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  • Published on:
    Response to Dr Guntheroth

    Dear Editor

    We appreciated the comments of Dr Guntheroth et al. We specifically chose to eliminate patent foramen ovale from our study, hence patients with a defect...

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    Conflict of Interest:
    None declared.
  • Published on:
    Secundum atrial septal defects and transcatheter closure

    Dear Editor

    In the March issue of Heart, McMahon and colleagues presented an excellent review of this subject.[1] I have one question for the authors. You describe four patients with small ASDs that had spontaneous closure of the defect. Since the method for spontaneous closure for ventricular septal defects, by consensus, is roughening of the endocardium of the rim of the defect by the high velocity of the jet,...

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    Conflict of Interest:
    None declared.