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Transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect preserves right ventricular function
  1. R Dhillon1,
  2. M Josen1,
  3. M Henein2,
  4. A Redington3
  1. 1Department of Paediatric Cardiology, Royal Brompton Hospital, London SW3, UK
  2. 2Department of Adult Cardiology, Royal Brompton Hospital
  3. 3Department of Paediatric Cardiology, Great Ormond Street Hospital, London WC1, UK
  1. Correspondence to:
    Dr Rami Dhillon, Department of Cardiology, Birmingham Children's Hospital, Steelhouse Lane, Birmingham B4 6NH, UK;


Objectives: To determine the effects of atrial septal defects (ASD) and their closure on systolic and diastolic right and left ventricular function; and by comparing surgical closure with transcatheter device closure, to establish differences attributable to cardiopulmonary bypass.

Design: Cross sectionally guided M mode echocardiographic ventricular long axis function was measured prospectively before and within one week after ASD closure by device in 17 patients and by surgery in 12 patients, and compared with 18 normal subjects.

Results: All indices of right ventricular function were impaired after surgery: mean total excursion, −1.89 cm (95% confidence interval (CI), −2.18 to −1.59); peak shortening rate, −9.09 cm/s (−10.82 to −7.35); peak lengthening rate, −9.26 cm/s (−11.09 to −7.43). Total excursion and peak lengthening rate were preserved after device closure, at −0.12 cm (−0.28 to 0.05) and 0.01 cm/s (−2.29 to 2.31), respectively. Left ventricular free wall function was unchanged after closure by either method, while all septal measurements were reduced after closure by either method (changes ranging from −3.51 to −0.32; 95% CI ranging from −4.90 to −0.13).

Conclusions: Left ventricular free wall function is unaffected by ASD closure, whereas septal function is impaired, irrespective of the method of closure. Right ventricular function, both systolic and diastolic, is impaired by cardiopulmonary bypass but preserved after device closure. These findings support the transcatheter approach to ASD closure in anatomically suitable defects.

  • atrial septal defect
  • cardiopulmonary bypass
  • congenital heart disease
  • therapeutic cardiac catheterisation

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