Background: After acute myocardial infarction, the structural protein T is released considerably longer than cytosolic creatine kinase (CK), CK MB isoenzyme (CK-MB), or lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and late troponin T release (> 48 hours after onset of chest pain) appears to be less affected by early coronary reperfusion.
Objective: To investigate the precision of a single measurement of circulating troponin T concentrations 72 hours after onset of chest pain compared with standard scintigraphic and enzymatic estimates of myocardial infarct size.
Methods: Quantitative single photon emission computed tomography thallium-201 scintigraphy at rest was performed in 37 patients 2–3 weeks after myocardial infarction (group 1: 14 patients without early coronary reperfusion; group 2: 23 patients with early reperfusion achieved by thrombolytic therapy, by percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty, or by both).
Results: In both groups, the number of myocardial segments with abnormal thallium-201 uptake indicating the individual extent of irreversible myocardial damage correlated significantly with the troponin T concentrations 72 hours after infarction as well as with peak concentrations of CK, CK-MB, and LDH.
Conclusion: The data show that a single measurement of circulating troponin T 72 hours after onset of chest pain—independent of reperfusion—is superior for the estimation of myocardial infarct size to measurement of peak CK, CK-MB, or LDH, which require serial determinations and depend on coronary reperfusion.
- acute myocardial infarction
- infarct size
- troponin T
- creatine kinase
- thallium-201 scintigraphy
- CK, creatine kinase
- CK-MB, creatine kinase MB isoenzyme
- ELISA, enzyme linked immunosorbent assay
- LDH, lactate dehydrogenase
- SPECT, single photon emission computed tomography
- TnT, troponin T
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