Objective: To analyse the long term prognosis in patients with isolated stenoses of the left main coronary artery (LMCA) following surgical revascularisation.
Patients: 106 patients (71 men and 35 women, mean age 61 years) were operated on between 1982 and 1998. Before surgery, 103 patients presented with angina pectoris and only 10 had a history of myocardial infarction. Their mean left ventricular ejection fraction was 62%. Stenoses were localised on the LMCA ostium in 19 patients, a subgroup characterised by a high proportion of women (68%). Three patients presented with chronic LMCA occlusion. Forty six patients were operated on as an emergency. The mean (SD) number of grafts per patient was 2.0 (0.5), and only one patient had no left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery bypass. Bypass of the LAD using the internal thoracic artery was performed in 88 cases.
Results: Early postoperative mortality was 4.7% and the five year survival was 86.8%. Late mortality occurred in nine cases, and in three of these it was linked to a coronary condition. Of the 92 long term survivors, 81.5% were totally symptom-free and 77% of those of working age were able to resume work. The postoperative outcome of patients with isolated ostial LMCA stenosis did not differ significantly from that of the other patients.
Conclusions: The postoperative prognosis of isolated LMCA stenosis appears good in terms of mortality and symptoms.
- left main coronary artery stenosis
- surgical revascularisation
- long term prognosis
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